The Copernican universe is perfectly symmetrical, isotropic, homogeneous, and acentric. It is also fiction, as new data show.
What is the Copernican universe?
The Copernican universe is a universe that looks exactly the same no matter where you might stand within it. You can stand in our galaxy (named the Milky Way, a redundant name), or the great galaxy in Andromeda, or any other large object. You should see every other object in the universe exactly as far away from you as you would see them from any other place. That is the Copernican assumption, or the Copernican “principle.”
The Copernican universe takes its name from Nicholas Copernicus. He first proposed that the sun, and not the earth, was the local center of gravity for the earth and all the planets. Before him, people believed, as did Aristotle and Claudius Ptolemy, that everything revolved around the earth. Copernicus said that all other objects, including earth, revolved around the sun.
In the last century, astronomers put Copernicus’ name on a new idea. They held that not only was the earth not the center of the universe, but neither earth nor sun nor even our home galaxy had any special place in the universe.
What makes the Copernican universe look as it does?
A universe that obeys the Copernican “principle” has no center. Furthermore, every region in the universe looks the same, and is just as dense, as any other part. A universe like this is the only perfectly symmetrical object known to man.
Any other geometric object might be symmetrical around a point (or center), a line (or axis), or a plane. The Copernican universe has no preference for any of these concepts. For that reason, any perspective is the same as any other perspective, no matter where you stand.
This is the central assumption of the Big Bang. Edwin Hubble made that assumption. Hubble insisted that the earth must not have a special place in the universe. (And he had no reason to suppose that, other than that he did not want the earth to have a special place.) Every conventional cosmologist has copied him.
But now, an astrophysicist has seen something that proves Hubble, and all his imitators, wrong.
How is the universe non-Copernican?
Quite simply, the universe began with a positive spin. Michael J. Longo, at the University of Michigan, reviewed the catalog entries of about 15,000 spiral galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The SDSS takes the name of the primary telescope for the survey, the Sloan Telescope in New Mexico. Longo and his team found more counterclockwise spirals than clockwise spirals, by 7 percent. The chances of this happening for no reason are 0.00079, or 1 in 1266. Longo also said, in his abstract, that two other scientists had found something similar in the southern sky.
Mongo sees only one way to explain this: The universe began with a spin, and the large objects in it have inherited that spin. Those objects would at least prefer to spin as the universe spun when it began.
Mongo further believes that the universe still has that spin. He also calculated that the universe has an axis of spin. He further figured out that this axis likes along the spin axis of our galaxy.
What does this mean?
For one thing, it means that the Copernican universe is a fiction. The Copernican universe should not have an axis. The real universe does. And furthermore, the axis of the universe is the same as the axis of the galaxy in which we live.
A universe that is not only expanding but spinning will be very difficult to explain. A spinning object has a line to spin around. A boundless object can still spin around a line and have no center. But a bounded and spinning object must have a center.
The object at the center would spin with the universe, and have an axis along the axis of the universe. Our own Milky Way qualifies. Every cosmology that places our galaxy at the center of the universe now has more support.
Terry A. Hurlbut has been a student of politics, philosophy, and science for more than 35 years. He is a graduate of Yale College and has served as a physician-level laboratory administrator in a 250-bed community hospital. He also is a serious student of the Bible, is conversant in its two primary original languages, and has followed the creation-science movement closely since 1993.
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